Le chiamano soft, ma hanno un peso sempre più importante nel mondo del lavoro. Sono le soft skills, le cosiddette ""competenze trasversali”, sempre più ricercate dalle aziende che selezionano nuovi talenti. Si tratta di quelle capacità che raggruppano le qualità personali, l'atteggiamento in ambito lavorativo e le conoscenze nel campo delle relazioni interpersonali.
In linea generale, le soft skill, costituiscono il contraltare delle hard skill, per definizione facilmente quantificabili e misurabili. E‘ facile infatti determinare chi ha le migliori abilità matematiche; più complesso è capire chi è il migliore in innovazione, visione, ispirazione o diplomazia.
Oggi, la crescita dell’importanza del saper essere accanto a quella del saper fare è un fenomeno sempre più condiviso dalle aziende che cercano personale. In una società dinamica, multiculturale e in continuo mutamento come quella attuale, non sorprende che le soft skill rappresentino una caratteristica sempre più richiesta e apprezzata dalle aziende.
Per un datore di lavoro non è così difficile trovare persone che abbiano determinate conoscenze specifiche in un campo, il problema è trovare qualcuno che abbia una marcia in più e sia in grado di dare un valore aggiunto all’azienda.
Saper fare non basta più; per distinguersi davvero al momento di un colloquio di lavoro serve ben altro che un curriculum vitae ben fornito di esperienze. Gli studi sull'argomento abbondano e l'elenco di qualità ricercate si allarga. Il World Economic Forum ha indicato quali saranno le 10 qualità più richieste nel 2020 nell'era dell'Industria 4.0:
- Risolvere i problemi. In una situazione economica sempre più complessa, che richiede flessibilità e adattamento a nuove situazioni, la capacità di riuscire a fronteggiare situazioni critiche e individuare una soluzione diventa fondamentale.
- Pensiero critico. Si tratta di un pensiero caratterizzato dai processi mentali di discernimento, analisi e valutazione. Alle aziende servono persone in grado di capire, riflettere e rielaborare informazioni.
- Creatività. Se si dà uno sguardo agli ultimi anni, ci si rende conto che solo soluzioni innovative potevano far la differenza all’interno di un sistema economico in crisi. La capacità di pensare fuori dagli schemi è premiante nell'era della competizione globale.
- Gestione delle persone. Saper guidare un team valorizzando e motivando le persone è sicuramente una delle attività più complicate. Non si tratta solo di organizzare il lavoro ma di saper gestire, motivare, valorizzare le persone. E’ una capacità che richiede intelligenza emotiva e abilità nel prendere decisioni, di cui si avverte maggiormente la necessità quando il team di persone da gestire e motivare è dislocato in ambienti di lavoro differenti, ad esempio come nel caso di smart working e lavoro da remoto; tutte situazioni che richiedono nuove skill, come dimostrato anche dalla ricerca condotta da IDC e promossa da Cornerstone OnDemand – Future People: Le postazioni di lavoro nell’era della trasformazione digitale, IDC 2016.
- Lavorare in gruppo. La sinergia in un gruppo di lavoro è il vero segreto per la buona riuscita di un progetto. Saper lavorare in team implica saper organizzare il proprio lavoro, sapersi dare delle priorità e cambiare se necessario. Ciò può incontrare ostacoli, momenti di crisi, a cui si deve essere capaci di far fronte.
- Intelligenza emotiva. E’ la capacità di riconoscere, comprendere e gestire le emozioni, le proprie come quelle degli altri: l’intelligenza emotiva può fare davvero la differenza, chi la possiede ha una marcia in più.
- Prendere decisioni. È il 70% del lavoro di un manager, che deve ascoltare tutti ma decidere da solo alla fine. E’ necessario saper condividere e ascoltare e, al momento opportuno, decidere l’indirizzo verso cui andare. Del resto, abilità come quelle di leadership richieste alle figure manageriali sono fondamentali per chiunque occupi posizioni direttive, come evidenzia di nuovo il nostro studio Future People: Le postazioni di lavoro nell’era della trasformazione digitale.
- Orientamento al servizio. Riguarda il saper rendersi utile, essere premurosi, attenti e collaborativi nei confronti delle esigenze delle persone.
- Negoziazione. E’ un’attività strategica che non dovrebbe essere lasciata all’improvvisazione. Serve a creare benessere economico e relazionale, a livello aziendale come individuale.
- Flessibilità. E’ una capacità che entra in gioco quando ci si trova ad affrontare situazioni insolite che richiedono flessibilità di risposta, cioè l’abilità di assumere comportamenti diversi in base al cambiamento di regole o del tipo di compito.
Want to keep learning? Explore our products, customer stories, and the latest industry insights.
Taking A Company-Wide Approach to Learning & Development
There’s a lot of coordination that goes into a company’s learning and development programming, from identifying skills gaps and creating engaging content to scaling initiatives company-wide. And because there’s so much complex planning involved, organizations can sometimes get caught up in the details, and overlook how L&D fits into broader organizational goals. A recent survey—titled "The Revolution is Now: New-Skill Your Workforce to Catalyze Change"—from Cornerstone People Research Lab (CPRL) and the Human Capital Institute (HCI) found that only 55% of organizations believe their L&D programs are well-aligned with their company’s overarching strategy. But CPRL and HCI’s survey reveals two logical ways to overcome this challenge. First, there’s a need for L&D executives to participate in strategic conversations around organizational goals to ensure that L&D planning aligns with broader business plans. And second, it’s important to share responsibility for learning effectiveness. If facilitating continuous learning is a part of everyone’s role, it becomes easier to integrate it organization-wide. Promote Cross-Departmental Collaboration and Responsibility To better align L&D efforts with overarching business goals, learning executives have to participate in strategic conversations about organizational direction. For instance, when business leaders gather to discuss goals and KPIs for the coming year or quarter, HR and L&D leaders should be involved in those conversations. And the opposite is also true: Business leaders need to help direct the learning outcomes framed against those goals. According to the "Revolution is Now: New-Skill Your Workforce to Catalyze Change" survey from CPRL and HCI, only about half (51%) of learning leaders report being involved in these discussions. During these business planning discussions, it’s important to establish accountability, especially among people managers. CPRL and HCI found 67% of people managers report being involved in the creation of content, but only 47% are involved in the accountability for the results. By holding more people accountable to the success of L&D programs, it can be easier for a company to spot pitfalls or opportunities for improvement. It creates shared goals for measuring effectiveness, and establishes a process for making changes. For example, by getting people managers involved in L&D initiatives, L&D leaders can work with them to get a better understanding of a specific team’s skill gaps or what reskilling or new skilling solutions will work best for them. All leaders in an organization, in fact, should be eager to participate and own their team’s newskilling, reskilling or upskilling efforts. Ask a people manager in the IT department to reiterate the importance of learning to their team, and track the amount of time their employees spend on learning content. This approach will not only create a shared commitment to continuous learning, but can also help leaders outside of L&D and HR get a better idea of what content or formats work best for their teams and recommend adjustments accordingly. Continuous Learning Is Everyone’s Responsibility Aligning overarching business plans and strategy with learning and development efforts can improve each’s efficacy. The more cross-departmental collaboration that exists, the more information that HR and L&D leaders have about their workforce and its needs, strengths and weaknesses. And with more accountability, all stakeholders in an organization can become more involved in ensuring the successful partnership between L&D and a company’s overall strategy. To learn more about the findings from Cornerstone’s "The Revolution is Now: New-Skill Your Workforce to Catalyze Change" survey and its recommendations for using cross-departmental collaboration and accountability to help with L&D efforts, click here to download and read the full report.
Why supporting neurodiversity is essential for any successful workforce today
When we think of diversity in the workforce, we typically think of it along the lines of race, religion, sexual orientation or gender. But focusing only on those four is its own sort of constraint. To truly create a successful and diverse workplace, you need to ensure you're also embracing neurodiversity too. Understanding neurodiversity In the late 1990s, a single mother in Australia named Judy Singer began studying Disability Studies at University of Technology Sydney. Her daughter had recently been diagnosed with what was then known as “Asperger’s Syndrome,” a form of autism spectrum disorder. As she read more and more about autism as part of her studies, Singer also suspected that her mother, and she herself, may have had some form of autism spectrum disorder. Singer describes crying as she realized that her mother, with whom she'd had a tumultuous relationship throughout her childhood, wasn’t purposefully cold or neurotic as she had thought. She just had a different kind of mind. In her honors thesis, Singer coined the term “neurodiversity.” For Singer, people with neurological differences like autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or dyslexia were a social class of their own and should be treated as such. If we are going to embrace diversity of race, gender, religion, sexuality, etc., then we must embrace a diversity of the mind. The following video is an excerpt from the "Neurodiversity" Grovo program, which is available in the Cornerstone Content Anytime Professional Skills subscription. Neurodiversity in today's workplace Recently, neurodiversity has become a trendy term in diversity, equity, inclusion, and belonging spaces. And many organizations are working to hire more neurodivergent people, as well as give them opportunities to thrive at work. That’s why, at Cornerstone, we recently produced a series of lessons on neurodiversity. If your organization hasn’t prioritized neurodiverse inclusion yet, here are some reasons why it both supports your people and organization. 1) Neurodivergent people are underemployed Neurodivergent people, especially people with autism, are widely under-employed, regardless of their competence. In the United States, 85% of college graduates with autism are unemployed. According to a 2006 study, individuals with ADHD have higher rates of unemployment than individuals without. However, there is no evidence that neurodivergent people are less competent or less intelligent than neurotypical people. Organizations are missing out on talented people. 2) Neurodivergent people are more common than you may think Neurodiversity manifests in many different ways. It can encompass autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, dyslexia, dyspraxia, dyscalculia, Tourette syndrome, and many other conditions. And as scientists have learned more about what makes someone neurodivergent, they're identifying more and more people. According to the World Health Organization, 1 in 160 children have some form of autism spectrum disorder. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 1 in every 162 children have Tourette Syndrome, and roughly 8 percent of children under 18 have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. And that's just children. How many adults, like Judy Singer's mother, have struggled their whole lives without a diagnosis? People who are neurodivergent are everywhere. Diverse organizations are stronger Diverse organizations and teams not only have better financial returns than less-diverse ones, but they also perform better. Having the different perspectives presented by people who are neurodivergent can help your team solve more difficult problems. Different perspectives and different ways of thinking lead to creativity and innovation.
Why Selecting a Leadership Development Program Is Way Too Complicated
Many organizations face a leadership gap and cannot find the talent needed to grow. We could blame the retiring baby boomer phenomenon, the free agent nation, or the lack of investment made in developing leaders. But since blame is a lazy man’s wage, I will not entertain that debate because there are too many options out there for developing leaders. There are many leadership development programs in the market. In minutes, with a simple Internet search or over coffee with your head of human resources, you can discover myriad high-quality leadership development programs that you could use in your organization to develop leaders. The problem is not finding a good program, but in choosing one. Answer the Right Questions So how does one choose? The problem we face in evaluating leadership development programs is that we get caught up in evaluating the content rather than asking a simple question, "What do we want our leaders to be able to do?" Each organization is unique in how it answers this question. And that is where the secret lies. If an organization can select a program that matches the answer to the question above, the selected program will likely be the right one. After all, each leadership development program is very good in some way. It is not so important which one you select. It is important that you use the one you select. In other words, the key is to not let it become another un-opened binder on the bookshelves of your management team. Be An Effective Leader Let me give you an example: If an organization’s answer to the question above is, "We want our leaders to be proactive and focused on the things that drive results," your choices are narrowed down to only a few programs that would deliver on that answer. And if I had to pick one program that would deliver on that answer, without hesitation, I would choose, "The Effective Executive" by Peter F. Drucker. It is a classic, and all five of the behaviors of effective executives taught in the book remain vital skills that any leader should practice if he or she wants to be effective in his or her organization. In the book, Drucker teaches that effective executives: Know where their time goes Focus on contribution and results Build on strengths Concentrate on first things first Make effective decisions This is not a book review or a plug for "The Effective Executive," though I do believe if you had to choose one set of skills to teach your leadership, it would be the five from Drucker’s book. This is a challenge for every organization to simplify the selection of leadership development programs, and ask, "What do we want our leaders to be able to do?" Answering this question clearly will help you choose the right program. After all, many programs are excellent. The secret to success is not in which program you choose, but that you get people to apply the program you choose. Photo: Can Stock